Soil and Erosion

Cause and Effect

Soil Erosion and resulting  sedimentation from developing areas are leading sources of water  quality degradation. Sediment is the number one pollutant, by volume, of  surface water. The major source of sediment during the development  phase comes from the many acres of bare areas that are inadequately  unprotected, often for several months at a time. Each unprotected 1/4  acre area can yield from two to twenty-five tons of soil during critical periods throughout the year.

Each  phase of a construction project has the potential to create significant  volumes of sediment-laden runoff. Soil erosion from all developments,  no matter what size, may result in severe damage to storm sewers as  well as stream channels, resulting in adverse affects on aquatic and wildlife habitat. Generally it is more economical to install erosion  control practices and maintain them than it is to repair damage on offsite properties. 

An immediate and visible effect of sedimentation is the need to clean streets, sewers and ditches. This is an added cost to the building industry, future lot owners and local government.

Accumulated sediment in streams, rivers and lakes reduces their capacity to store  water. This results in more frequent flooding, costly and time consuming land and building repairs and the necessary clean-up that follows.

 Sediment  leaving construction sites severely impacts fish and aquatic habitat. Changing the conditions of the stream channel by either scouring or  depositing sediment is detrimental to fish and insect life and their  reproductive capabilities. In addition, sunlight may be blocked, causing a change in the productivity of the food chain.
Forms, Documents and Reports
Lincoln County Public Works
PO Box 340 
170 Perryman Avenue 
Lincolnton, Georgia 30817 
Phone: 706-359-5525
Fax:     706-359-5831

Hours of Operation: Monday - Friday 8:00am - 5:00pm